La partecipazione politica nel tempo della post-democrazia

Political Participation in the Post-democracy Era

Keywords: Conflict, Depolitisation, Neoliberalism, Post-Democracy, Post-Public Sphere, Partecipation, Platformization


The concept of participation has been defined in different ways over time and also the practices of political participation have been interpreted and classified in many different ways in the political procedures of the representative democracies. Similarly, the notion of conflict presents various critical points: even in some forms of democratic innovation, the conflict has been expunged or anesthetized. The growing centrality of the digital ecosystem represents a new variable: on the one hand, in fact, it offers spaces for mobilization and political action, on the other hand, it reveals itself as the outcome of a digital capitalism in which the dealignment of power between citizens and platforms is resolved clearly in favour of the latter. The emergence of what has been defined as “platform society” is connected with the affirmation of post-democracy. The public sphere - increasingly fragmented - is also evolving towards what has been defined as the “post-public sphere”. The transformations taking place can be better understood if framed in the “paradigm of the crisis”, made even more evident in the time of the pandemic. A review of many concepts then becomes necessary, within a scientific horizon that does not renounce to critically analyse its own tools.


Allegretti, U. (2010). Democrazia partecipativa. Esperienze e prospettive in Italia e in Eu-ropa. Firenze: Firenze University Press.

Anselmi, M., & de Nardis, F. (2018). Italian Politics between Multipopulism and Depoliti-cization. Revista Internacional de Sociología, 76(4), e111. doi:

Baiocchi, G. and Ganuza, E. (2018). Popular Democracy. The Paradox of Participation. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Beck, U. (1992). Risk Society. Towards a New Modernity. London: Sage.

Blumler, J. (2013). The Fourth Age of Political Communication, Keynote Address at Frei University, Berlin, 12 September 2013. Available at: .

Blokker, P. & Anselmi, M. (2020). Multiple Populisms. Italy as Democracy’s Mirror. Lon-don: Routledge.

Blumler, J. G. (2018). The Crisis of Public Communication 1995-2017. Javnost – The Pub-lic 25(1-2): 83-92.

Bosi, L. & Zamponi, L. (2019). Resistere alla crisi. I percorsi dell’azione sociale diretta. Bologna: Il Mulino.

Boyd-Barrett, O. (2015). Media Imperialism. London: Sage.

Boyd-Barrett, O. & Mirrlees, T. (eds.) (2019). Cultural and Media Imperialism. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Castells, M. (2009). Communication Power. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Colombo, F. (2013). Il potere socievole. Storia e critica dei social media. Milano: Bruno Mondadori.

Colombo, F. (2020). Ecologia dei media. Manifesto per una comunicazione gentile. Mila-no: Vita & Pensiero.

Crouch, C. (2003). Postdemocrazia. Roma-Bari: Laterza.

Crouch, C. (2019). Post-Democracy and Populism. The Political Quarterly 90 (1): 124-137.

Crouch, C. (2020). Post-Democracy After the Crises. Cambridge: Polity [ed. it. (2020) Combattere la postdemocrazia. Roma-Bari: Laterza].

Davis, A. (2019). Political Communication: A New Introduction for Crisis Times. Cambri-dge: Polity.

De Blasio, E (2019). E-Democracy. Teorie e problemi. Milano: Mondadori.

De Blasio, E. & Sorice, M. (2016). Open Government: a Tool for Democ-racy? Medijskestudije – Media Studies, 7 (14).

De Blasio, E. & Sorice, M. (2018). Populisms among technology, e-democracy and the de-politicisation process. Revista Internacional de Sociología, 76(4):e109.

De Blasio, E. & Sorice, M. (2020). Spaces of Struggle: Socialism and Neoliberalism with a Human Face Among Digital Parties and Online Movements in Europe. tripleC. Com-munication, Capitalism and Critique. Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society, 18(1): 84-100.

De Blasio, E. & Sorice, M. (2020).Technopopulism and direct representation. In P. Blokker and M. Anselmi (Eds.). Multiple Populisms. Italy as Democracy’s Mirror. London: Routledge.

de Nardis, F. (2019). Depoliticization, Anti-politics, and the Moral Society. In P. Blokker& M. Anselmi(Eds.). Multiple Populisms: Italy as Democracy’s Mirror. London and New York: Routledge.

Dyer-Whiteford, N., Kjøsen, A.M. & Steinhoff, J. (2019). InhumanPower. Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Capitalism. London: Pluto Press.

Elstub, S., Ercan, S. & Mendonça, R. M. (2016) The fourth generation of deliberative de-mocracy. Critical Policy Studies, 10:2, 139-151

Fawcett, P., Flinders, M., Hay, C. & Wood, M. (2017). Anti-Politics, Depoliticization and Governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Floridia, A. (2017). From Participation to Deliberation: A Critical Genealogy of Deliberative Democracy. Colchester: Ecpr Press.

Fuchs C, Dyer-Witheford N. (2013). Karl Marx @ Internet Studies. New Media & Society. 15(5):782-796.

Fuchs, C. (2015). Towards Marxian Internet Studies, in Fuchs, C. and Mosco, V. (eds.) (2016) Marx in the Age of Digital Capitalism (22-67). Chicago: Haymarket.

Fuchs, C. (2017). Social Media. A Critical Introduction. London: Sage.

Fuchs, C. (2020). Communication and Capitalism. A Critical Theory.London: Univeristy of Westminster Press.

Gili, G. (2001). Il problema della manipolazione: peccato originale dei media? Milano: Franco Angeli.

Hall, S. and O’Shea, A. (2015). Common-Sense Neoliberalism, in Hall, S., Massey, D. and Rustin, M. (Eds.) After Neoliberalism? The Kilburn Manifesto (8-24). London: Sound-ings – Lawrence and Wishart.

Hamelink, C. J. (2015). Global Communication. London: Sage.

Jenkins, H. (2006). Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: New York University Press.

Jenkins, H. et. Al. (2009). Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture – Media Education for the 21st Century. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Jin, D.Y. (2015). Digital Platforms, Imperialism and Political Culture. London: Routledge.

Jin, D.Y. (2020). Globalization and Media in the Digital Platform Age. London: Routledge.

Keane, J. (2013). Democracy and media decadence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lechner, F. (2009). Globalization: The Making of World Society. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

McQuire, S. (2016). Geomedia. Networkedcities and the future of public space. Cambri-dge:Polity.

Morlino, L. e Sorice, M. (in stampa). Fra influenza e manipolazione. Come l’informazione orienta il voto. Roma: Luiss University Press.

Moro, G. (2013). Cittadinanza attiva e qualità della democrazia. Roma: Carocci.

Morozov, E. (2011). The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom. New York: Public Affairs.

Morozov, E. (2019). Digital Socialism? The Calculation Debate in the Age of Big Data. New Left Review, 116: 33-67.

Pateman, C. (1970). Participation and democratic theory. Cambridge: Cambridge Univer-sity Press.

Schlesinger, P. (2020). After the post-public sphere? Media Culture and Society, 42(7).

Sorice, M. (2019). Partecipazione democratica. Teorie e problemi. Milano: Mondadori U-niversità.

Sorice, M. (2020a). Sociologia dei media. Un’introduzione critica. Roma: Carocci.

Sorice, M. (2020b). La piattaformizzazione della sfera pubblica. Comunicazione Politica. XXI, 3 (in print).

Sorice, M. (2020c). Conflitto e partecipazione. In: Mangone, E., Ieracitano, F. & Russo, G. (a cura di) Processi culturali e mutamento sociale. Prospettive sociologiche. Roma: Carocci.

Srnicek, N. (2017). Platform Capitalism. Cambridge: Polity.

Van Dijck, J., de Waal, M. & Poell, T. (2018). The Platform Society.Public Values in a Connective World. Oxford: Oxford University Press [trad. it. Platform Society. Valori pubblici e società connessa. Milano: Guerini, 2019].

Van Dijk, J. A. G. M. (2012). The Network Society. London: Sage.

Van Dijk, J. A. G. M. & Hacker, K. L. (2018). Internet and Democracy in the Network So-ciety. London: Routledge.