La violenza di genere confinata tra le pareti domestiche durante il lockdown
Gender-based Violence in the Household During Lockdown
The Covid-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on our living systems and, more generally, on the economic and political organization of our country. The significant loss of human lives, the interruption of economic activities, the lockdown, to give just a few references, are an undoubted threat to our well-being. Rather important was the impact of the confinement on families and markedly on women, favoring the most disparate forms of abuse. In this scenario, gender-based violence is not added to the list of effects on life, but rather expresses that dimension of life - often left in the shadows - that reflects pathways of suffocated equality and rights often denied to women. Indeed, gender-based violence is an expression of inequality between women and men made clear by the COVID-19 outbreak. Therefore, the fight against gender-based violence remains a challenge for the 21st century. This paper aims to explore two key issues: gender inequality and interlinkage between reproduction and production sphere, focusing on pre-existing inequalities and vulnerabilities in women's life experiences.
Balbo L., Bianchi M. (a cura di), (1981). Ricomposizioni. Il lavoro di servizio nella società della crisi. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
Boniol M., McIsaac M., Xu L., Wuliji T., Diallo K., Campbell J. (2019). Gender equity in the health workforce: Analysis of 104 countries. Working paper 1, Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019 (WHO/HIS/HWF/Gender/WP1/2019.1). Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Eige-European Institute for Gender Equality (2020). Intersecting inequalities: Gender Equality Index. https://eige.europa.eu/
Global Health 50/50. The sex, gender and Covid-19 Project.
Global Health 50/50 (2020). Power, Privilege and Priorities. The 2020 Global Health 50/50 Report. London.
Hanisch, C. (1970). The Personal Is Political. In Notes from the Second Year: Women’s Liberation. New York Radical Women. New York.
Istat (2020). Violenza di genere al tempo del Covid-19: le chiamate al numero verde 1522, Roma: Istat 13 maggio 2020.
Istat (2020a). Il numero verde 1522 durante la pandemia (marzo-giugno 2020), Roma: 13 agosto 2020.
Ministero del Lavoro e delle Politiche Sociali, Istat, Inps, Inail e Anpal (2020). Il mercato del lavoro 2019. Una lettura integrata. Roma: Istat.
Moffa G. e Chirivì M. (2020). Violenza di genere vs violenza contro le donne. Patrimonio delle nostre conoscenze ma non delle consapevolezze. In La violenza spiegata. Riflessioni ed esperienze di ricerca sulla violenza di genere. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
Rubin, G. (1974). The Traffic in Women: Notes on the “Political Economy” of Sex. In Rayna Reiter (a cura di), Towards an anthropology of women pp.157-210. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1975.
WHO-World Health Organization, COVID-19 and violence against women, 25 March 2020. https://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/violence/en/
World Economic Forum (2019), Global Gender Gap Report 2020. http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2020/