Humor During Pandemic in Romania on Facebook
Keywords:Pandemic, Facebook, Meme, Humor
During the pandemic, finding coping mechanisms for anxiety, stress and isolation will be critical. Humor has always been a way to overcome anxiety and insecurity and is present in all dramatic situations in Romania.The purpose of this study is to analyze the content of humorous messages, the topics addressed, their characteristics and their dissemination.The method used was the content analysis of the messages broadcast on the social network Facebook during March - April 2020 in Romania.The results obtained show us that the main forms of diffusion of humorous messages is the Power point umor, photos, written message followed by video material with one or more protagonists in domestic contextsand poetry. The main topics covered are: the threat, the protective measures, quarantine, the efficiency of the health system, the changes in the lifestyle and their implications. The main way to spread is to roll messages on networks from the initiators of conversations. The main purpose of the messages is to neutralize the threat in the collective imaginary and to regain the symbolic control.
Attardo, S. (1997). The semantic foundations of cognitive theories of humor. Humor, 10(4), pp. 395-420.
Baym, N.K., Zhang, B.Y., Mei-Chei, L. (2004). Social Interactions Across Media: Interper-sonal Communication on the Internet, Telephone and Face-to-Face. New Media & So-ciety, 6(3), pp. 299-318.
Chivu, M. (2019). Incongruența umorului. Revista Dilema Veche, 825, pp. 12-18.
Berlyne, D. E. (1972). Humour and its kin. In J. H. Goldstein & P. E. McGhee (eds.), The Psychology of Humour (pp. 43–60). New York: Academic Press.
Buijzen, M. & Valkenburg, P. M. (2004). Developing a Typology of Humor in Audiovisual Media, Media Psychology, 6(2), pp. 147–167.
Davies, C. (2007). Umor and Protest: Joks under Communism. International Review of Local History, 52, pp. 291-305.
Driessen, H. (2004). Jokes and joking. In N. J. B. Smeler & P.B. Baltes (ed.), International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (pp. 7992-7995). Amsterdam-New York: Elsevier Science.
Hübler, M. & Bell, D.C. (2003). Computer-mediated humor and ethos: Exploring threads of constitutive laughter in online communities. Computers and Composition, 20(3), pp. 277-294.
Frankl, V., Kushner H. & Winslade, W. (2006). Man's Search for Meaning. Boston: Beacon Press.
Iacob, M. (2018). Umorul literar al experienței comuniste, Brașov: Universitatea Transil-vania: teză de doctorat.
Goldstein, J. (1976). Theoretical notes on humor. Journal of Communication, 26(3), pp. 104-112.
Koestler, A. (1964). The Act of Creation, New York: Penguin Books..
Ionescu, Ş., Jacquet, M-M, Lhote, C. (2002). Mecanismele de apărare. Iași: Editura Poli-rom.
Meyer, J. C. (2000). Humor as a Double-Edged Sword: Four Functions of Humor in Com-munication. Communication Theory, 10 (3), pp. 310–331.
Mulder, M. P. & Nijholt, A. (2002). Humour Research: State of the Art. Twente: Centre for Telematics and Information Technology (CTIT).
Naumovici, B. (2018). Digicult. Istoria umorului românesc din ultimii 25 de ani. Cum s-a trecut de la Bulă la Dorel. Revista Dilema, 4, p. 4.
Ostrower, C. (2013). What is umor? What is the purpose of humorWhy do we laught?. Pa-per delivered at the 2nternational Conference on Humour$ Te7ts, Conte7ts, India Uni-versity of Kerala, 6 - 8 December.
Schaeffer, N. (1981). The Art of Laughter. New York: Columbia University Press.
Shifman, L. (2007). Humor in the Age of Digital Reproduction: Continuity and Change in Internet-Based Comic Texts. International Journal of Communication, 1, pp. 187-209.
Smarandache, F. (2016). Folclor umoristic internetist (XV). Suceava: Editura Mingir.
Stoicescu M. (2018). Humour, Language and Protests in Romania. National University of Ireland. Maynooth: PhD Thesis.
Sultanoff, S. (1994). Exploring the land of mirth and funny; A voyage through the interrelationships of wit, mirth and laughter. Laugh It Up. American Association for Therapeutic Humor, p. 3.
Ștefănescu, C. (1991). 10 ani de umor negru românesc. București: Editura Metropol.
Taiwo, R., Odebunmi, A., Adetunji, A. (2016). Analyzing Language and Umor in Online Communication. Hershey, PA : Information Science Reference,
Timothy, L., Hickey-Moody, A. (2017). Masculinity and Ridicule. In B. Papenburg (ed.) Gender: Laughter (pp. 215-228). Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference.
Umbreș, R. (2020). Devianță și sărăcie în perioada pandemiei. Despre violență și legătura ei cu etnia. Libertatea, 21, pp. 17-24..
Vaclav, H. (1985). Citizens Against State in Central-Estern Europe. New York: M. E. Sharpe Armonk.